Рубрики: Птица месяца

Птица - символ августа - турухтан


Август: Турухтан

Турухтан (Philomachus pugnax)
Пожалуй один из самых многочисленных и наиболее интересных куликов в мире. Обладая достаточно небольшими размерами – с голубя (длина тела самцов составляет 28—33 см при размахе крыльев 50—58 см и весе 120—310 г, в то время как у самок эти показатели — 22—27 см, 46—52 см и 70—150 г соответственно) эти удивительные кулики совершают в течение года дальние сезонные миграции (по несколько тысяч километров!) к местам гнездования и обратно – к местам «зимовок». Гнездятся турухтаны на травяных болотах и во влажных лугах в северной части Евразии, а вот зимует в Западной и Южной Европе, Африке южнее Сахары, Южной Азии и Австралии. На зимовках и во время сезонных миграций иногда образует многотысячные скопления.
Весной, у большинства взрослых самцов турухтанов вырастают яркоокрашенные пышные воротники из перьев на груди, своего рода «уши» и мелкие выросты в виде бородавок на оголённой коже головы. В это врем года, в местах скоплений, они активно токуют, привлекая самок, и иногда устраивают за них поединки (так же как и домашние петухи). Доминируют во время тока самцы с более тёмным «жабо» (чёрного или рыжеватого цвета). Интересно, но при большом количестве самцов не существует птиц с одинаковой окраской весеннего воротника, так как его цвет определяется генетически.
К осени самцы перелинивают и становятся по окраске похожими на самок - серовато-бурые в верхней части тела и беловато-серые с тёмными крапинами снизу и по бокам. Молодые птицы в это же время года так же похожи на взрослых зимой, однако имеют отчётливый чешуйчатый рисунок из рыжих и охристых каёмок тёмных перьев на спине и крыльях, а также лёгкий охристый оттенок на брюхе.
Турухтаны издают мало звуков. Лишь гнездящаяся самка иногда издаёт негромкий крик, который можно охарактеризовать как короткое глухое кряканье или кряхтенье. Подобный же звук издают и самцы на току. Предлагаем Вам послушать голос турухтана, а более подробно про эту птицу почитать на сайте проекта «Турухтан», в котором принимают активное участие представители Ассоциации любителей птиц.





Автор публикации: Uralsk | Дата: 25.02.2014 - 16:04




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